(Gk., megas archōn), the princeps of the 365 spheres (Gk., ouranoi).
The seven letters spelling its name may represent each of the
seven classic planets—Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn.
The word is found in Gnostic texts such as the
Holy Book of the Great Invisible Spirit, and also appears in the
Greek Magical Papyri. It was engraved on certain antique gemstones, called on that account Abraxas stones, which were used as amulets or charms.
As the initial spelling on stones was 'Abrasax' (Αβρασαξ), the spelling of 'Abraxas' seen today probably originates in the confusion made between the Greek letters Sigma and Xi in the Latin transliteration.
The word may be related to Abracadabra, although other explanations exist.
Abrasax is invoked in Aleister Crowley's 1913 work,
"The Gnostic Mass" of Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica:
IO IO IO IAO SABAO KURIE ABRASAX KURIE MEITHRAS KURIE PHALLE. IO PAN, IO PAN PAN IO ISCHUROS, IO ATHANATOS IO ABROTOS IO IAO. KAIRE PHALLE KAIRE PAMPHAGE KAIRE PANGENETOR. HAGIOS, HAGIOS, HAGIOS IAO.
You don't have to be a rocket scientist to work out the link between Crowley,Parsons and the JPL and NASA.
Abraxas is an important figure in Carl Jung's 1916 book
Seven Sermons to the Dead, a representation of the driving force of
individuation (synthesis, maturity, oneness),
referred with the figures for the driving forces of differentiation
(emergence of consciousness and opposites),
Helios God-the-Sun, and the Devil.
There is a God about whom you know nothing, because men have forgotten him. We call him by his name: Abraxas. He is less definite than God or Devil.... Abraxas is activity: nothing can resist him but the unreal ... Abraxas stands above the sun[-god] and above the devil If the Pleroma were capable of having a being, Abraxas would be its manifestation.
That which is spoken by God-the-Sun is life; that which is spoken by the Devil is death; Abraxas speaketh that hallowed and accursed word, which is life and death at the same time. Abraxas begetteth truth and lying, good and evil, light and darkness in the same word and in the same act. Wherefore is Abraxas terrible.Several references to the god Abraxas appear in
Hermann Hesse's 1919 novel Demian, such as:
Abraxas doesn't take exception to any of your thoughts or any of your dreams.
Never forget that.
But he will leave you once you become blameless and normal.
Salman Rushdie's novel Midnight's Children (1981) contains a reference to Abraxas in the chapter "Abracadabra":
Abracadabra: not an Indian word at all, a cabbalistic formula derived from the name of the supreme god of the Basilidan gnostics, containing the number 365, the number of the days of the year, and of the heavens, and of the spirits emanating from the god Abraxas.